Varied Teaching Methods Revolutionize English Speaking Skills Education

Metode Pengajaran yang Bervariasi Merevolusi Pendidikan Keterampilan Berbicara Bahasa Inggris

  • (1)  Fatmakiyyah Fatmakiyyah            Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo  

  • (2) * Dian Rahma Santoso              

    (*) Corresponding Author


This qualitative study investigates the teaching methods used by English teachers in three Muhammadiyah Junior High Schools in Pasuruan Regency to enhance students' speaking skills. Interviews and observations were conducted with one English teacher from each school. Results reveal that teachers employ a variety of methods including Communicative Language Teaching, Discussion Method, and Total Physical Response, adapting them to address specific teaching challenges and student needs. The study suggests the importance of creating engaging learning environments and utilizing diverse teaching strategies to improve students' speaking abilities, offering valuable insights for English language educators to enhance their teaching practices.


  1. Diverse Methods: Communicative Language Teaching, Discussion Method, Total Physical Response.
  2. Student Adaptation: Methods tailored to student challenges and language learning needs.
  3. Engagement Vital: Engaging environments and varied strategies crucial for speaking improvement.

Keywords: English language teaching, Muhammadiyah schools, speaking skills, teaching methods, qualitative research.


. R. Hughes, "Spoken English, TESOL and Applied Linguistics Challenges for Theory and Practice," TESOL Quarterly, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1–10, 2013.

. H. D. Brown, "Principles of Language Learning and Teaching," 5th ed. Pearson Education, 2007. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_347.

. S. Thornbury, “How to Teach Speaking,” pp. 163, 2005.

. A. Burns, "Teaching Speaking: A Holistic Approach," Series. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

. J. Harmer, “Learning the Language of Practice,” Curriculum Inquiry, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 293–318, 1987, doi: 10.1080/03626784.1987.11075294.

. D. R. Santoso and W. Taufiq, “Video Recording to Reflect the Speaking Performance,” vol. 125, no. ICIGR 2017, pp. 103–107, 2018, doi: 10.2991/icigr-17.2018.25.

. S. McKay and H. D. Brown, “Principles of Language Learning and Teaching,” TESOL Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 240, 1980, doi: 10.2307/3586319.

. H. D. Brown, “Principles of Language Learning and Teaching,” in Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning, 1st ed., Springer, pp. 1743–1745, 2007.

. J. C. Richards, “Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching: A Description and Analysis,” Contemporary Psychology: A Journal of Reviews, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 20–21, 1999.

. V. Mandarani, O. Purwati, and D. R. Santoso, “A CDA Perspective of Cultural Contents in the English Junior High School Textbooks,” Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 237, 2021, doi: 10.21093/ijeltal.v5i2.671.

. O. R. Candraloka and A. Rosdiana, “Investigating Problems and Difficulties of Speaking Encountered by English Language Speaking Students of Junior High School,” Journal of English Language Education, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 130–135, 2019.

. R. S. Dewi, U. Kultsum, and A. Armadi, “Using Communicative Games in Improving Students’ Speaking Skills,” English Language Teaching, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 63, 2016, doi: 10.5539/elt.v10n1p63.

. D. Ainunnisa, “Effective Strategies Applied in English Speaking Class (A Case Study of 8 Graders of MTs Muhammadiyah 1 Ciputat),” Athar Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2013, 2013.

. H. Hermansyah, “Self Talk Strategy in Improving the Eleventh Grade Students’ Speaking Ability,” Journal Smart, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2021, doi: 10.52657/js.v7i1.1331.

. S. Munir, E. Emzir, and A. Rahmat, “The Effect of Teaching Methods and Learning Styles on Students’ English Achievement (An Experimental Study at Junior High School 1 Pasangkayu),” Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 233, 2019, doi: 10.26737/jetl.v2i2.292.

. D. A. Puspitasari, “Exploring English Language Teaching Method of the Second Grade Students At SMA MBS Yogyakarta,” Metathesis Journal of English Language and Literature Teaching, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 124–134, 2017, doi: 10.31002/metathesis.v3i2.1399.

. I. M. Basa, D. Asrida, and N. Fadli, “Contributing Factors to the Students’ Speaking Ability,” Langkawi Journal of Association of Arab English, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 156, 2018, doi: 10.31332/lkw.v3i2.588.

. H. Putri, F. Fahriany, and N. Jalil, “The Influence of Think-Pair-Share in Enhancing Students’ Speaking Ability,” Journal of Education, Teaching and Learning, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 67, 2020, doi: 10.26737/jetl.v5i1.1551.

. D. Daud, S. Yasim, and A. Munawir, “The Comparison Between Direct Method and Grammar Translation Method in Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension,” English Language Studies and Teaching International Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 91–101, 2022, doi: 10.24252/elstic-ij.v2i2.26393.

. S. Shermamatova, “Teaching English Through the Direct Method,” Oriental Renaissance: Innovation in Education and National Society, vol. 4, pp. 6304685, 2023.

. H. Rahman, G. Sakkir, and S. Khalik, “Audio-Lingual Method to Improve Students’ Speaking Skill at SMP Negeri 1 Baranti,” Laogi English Language Journal, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 16–21, 2020, doi:

. B. A. O. W. Atmi and K. A. J. Pharhyuna, “Improving Speaking Skill by Using Drill Technique at the Tenth Grade Students of SMKN 1 Singaraja in Academic Year 2018/2019,” Jurnal Ika, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 106, 2019, doi: 10.23887/ika.v16i2.19830.

. C. Nuraeni, “Using Total Physical Response (TPR) Method on Young Learners English Language Teaching,” Metathesis Journal of English Language and Literature Teaching, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 26, 2019, doi: 10.31002/metathesis.v3i1.1223.

. Kemendikbud, "Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 103 Tahun 2014 tentang Pembelajaran pada Pendidikan Dasar dan Pendidikan Menengah," Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1689–1699, 2014.

. U. Haliwanda, “The Effect of Using the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Approach in Teaching Speaking,” English Literature Journal, vol. 8, no. 2015, pp. 40–53, 2021.

. S. Mangaleswaran and A. A. Aziz, “The Impact of the Implementation of CLT on Students’ Speaking Skills,” International Journal of Scientific Research and Publications, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. p8814, 2019, doi: 10.29322/ijsrp.9.04.2019.p8814.

. S. Azzahra S A, “Improving Students’ Speaking Skill Through Discussion Technique,” Neliti.Com, vol. 7, no. ISELT, pp. 1–7, 2018.

. R. D. Sari, U. Widiati, and S. Muniroh, “Pre-service English Teachers’ Perceptions Towards Grammar Translation Method for Teaching English in High School,” Journal of Language, Literature and Arts, vol. 1, no. 12, pp. 1710– 1723, 2021, doi: 10.17977/um064v1i122021p1710-1723.

. A. T. Ibrohim, A. Septianti, and I. S. Sadikin, “Students’ Perception Toward Teaching English Vocabulary Through Total Physical Response (TPR) Method,” Project (Professional Journal of English Education, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 145, 2019, doi: 10.22460/project.v1i2.p145-156.

. R. Gayanti and I. Satriani, “Teaching Students’ Vocabulary Through Total Physical Response,” Project (Professional Journal of English Education, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 414, 2020, doi: 10.22460/project.v3i3.p414-419.

. N. Andas, H, “Improving Students’ Speaking Ability under Total Physical Response at Class VII of SMP Negeri 8 Kendari,” Journal of English Education, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 165–172, 2016.

Picture in here are illustration from public domain image (License) or provided by the author, as part of their works
How to Cite
Fatmakiyyah, F., & Santoso, D. R. (2024). Varied Teaching Methods Revolutionize English Speaking Skills Education. Journal of Islamic and Muhammadiyah Studies, 6(2), 10.21070/jims.v6i2.1604.
Study Of Muhammadiyah Studies